Eutrophication decreased CO2 but increased CH4 emissions from lake: A case study of a shallow Lake Ulansuhai
作者: Sun, Heyang; Lu, Xixi; Yu, Ruihong; 等.
Eutrophic lakes, especially shallow eutrophic lakes, disproportionately contribute to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. To investigate the effects of eutrophication on GHG dynamics, we conducted field measurements every three months from January 2019 to October 2019 in Lake Ulansuhai, a shallow eutrophic lake (mean depth of 0.7m) located in a semi-arid region in Northern China. We found that Lake Ulansuhai was a predominantly source of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2); however, it converted to a CO2 sink in July due to eutrophication. It was also a strong source of methane (CH4) with a mean CO2 emission of 35.7±12.1mmol m-2 d-1 and CH4 emission of 5.9±2.9mmol m-2 d-1. The CO2 concentrations in most sites and CH4 concentrations in all sites were supersaturated, with the average partial pressure of CO2 (pCO2) being 654±34 muatm and the partial pressure of CH4 (pCH4) being 157±37 muatm. The partial pressures and emissions of the greenhouse gases exhibited substantial seasonal and spatial variations. The correlation analysis between the trophic level index and the partial pressure of the greenhouse gases indicated that eutrophication could significantly decrease the CO2 emissions but increase the CH4 emissions from the lake, resulting in a CH4 and CO2 emission ratio of approximately 2 in terms of global warming potential. Eutrophication decreased the pCO2 in the lake and subsequently increased the pCH4 due to nutrient input, thereby enhancing primary production. The results indicated that shallow eutrophic lakes in arid regions are strong sources of CH4 and that eutrophication could alter the greenhouse gas emission patterns.
（来源：Water research 卷: 201 页: 117363 出版年: 2021 DOI:10.1016/j.watres.2021.117363）