Phosphorus (P) release from sediment is a key process affecting the effectiveness of eutrophication mitigation. We hypothesized that high nitrate (NO3-) input may have dual effect on sediment P release: reduce the sediment P release by improving the oxidation of sediment or promote P release by stimulating the growth of phytoplankton and increase the decomposition rates and oxygen consumption at the sediment water interface. To test the effect of different NO3- concentrations, we conducted a three-month experiment in 15 cement tanks (1 m3), with five targeted concentrations of NO3-: control, 2 mg L-1, 5 mg L-1, 10 mg L-1, and 15 mg L-1. The results showed that: i) when NO3- was maintained at high levels: NO3-≥5-7 mg L-1 (range of median values), there was no effect of NO3- on net P release from the sediment, likely because the positive effects of NO3- (increasing oxidation) was counteracted by a promotion of phytoplankton growth. ii) after NO3- addition was terminated NO3- dropped sharply to a low level (NO3-≤0.4 mg L-1), followed by a minor P release in the low N treatments but a significant P release in the high N treatments, which likely reflect that the inhibition effect of NO3- on P release decreased, while the promotion effects at high NO3- concentrations continued. The results thus supported our hypotheses of a dual effect on sediment P release and suggest dose-dependent effect of NO3- loading on stimulating P release from the sediment, being clear at high NO3- exceeding 5-7 mg L-1.
Water research 卷: 194 页: 116894 出版年:2021